Innovations: Program Management
In most previous flight development programs, the design and requirements of the mission were completed first, and then the contractors were brought in to bid on development. In an effort to constrain costs, the Spitzer Project embarked on an experimental approach. The Project Team members, including the industrial contractors, were solicited early enough to enable full participation in the preliminary design process. The entire Spitzer team worked closely together during the design and the development phases of Spitzer.
Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena,
California retains responsibility for overall project management, systems engineering, and flight operations.
Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company
(Sunnyvale, California) is responsible for the
spacecraft and for the system
integration and testing.
Ball Aerospace and Technologies
Corporation (Boulder, Colorado) is responsible for the
cryogenic telescope assembly (CTA).
The three science instruments, part of the CTA, were designed and built by university-based research teams. Development of the InfraRed Array Camera was managed by the
Astrophysical Observatory (Cambridge, Massachusetts) and built at the
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Greenbelt,
Maryland). The Infrared Spectrograph
was designed and built at Cornell
University (Ithaca, New York), while the Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer
was designed and fabricated at the University of Arizona (Tucson, Arizona). Science operations for Spitzer are based at the Spitzer Science Center on the campus of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.