Frame Frame Frame Frame Frame
Frame Frame Frame Frame Frame
Frame Frame
NASA Spitzer Space Telescope • Jet Propulsion Laboratory
• California Institute of Technology
• Vision for Space Exploration
Frame Frame
Frame Frame Frame Frame Frame
Frame Frame Frame Frame Frame
Frame Frame About the Spitzer Space Telescope Frame Frame
Frame Frame Frame Frame Frame
Frame Frame
 
Fast Facts
 
Current Status
 
Spitzer History
 
— Early History
 
— Recent History
 
— Innovations
 
—— Technology
 
—— Orbit
 
—— Cryogenics
 
—— Telemetry
 
—— Management
 
— Heritage
 
Spitzer Technology
 
Spitzer Science
 
Lyman Spitzer, Jr.
 

Innovations: Program Management

In most previous flight development programs, the design and requirements of the mission were completed first, and then the contractors were brought in to bid on development. In an effort to constrain costs, the Spitzer Project embarked on an experimental approach. The Project Team members, including the industrial contractors, were solicited early enough to enable full participation in the preliminary design process. The entire Spitzer team worked closely together during the design and the development phases of Spitzer.

Caltech's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California retains responsibility for overall project management, systems engineering, and flight operations. Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company (Sunnyvale, California) is responsible for the spacecraft and for the system integration and testing. Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corporation (Boulder, Colorado) is responsible for the cryogenic telescope assembly (CTA). The three science instruments, part of the CTA, were designed and built by university-based research teams. Development of the InfraRed Array Camera was managed by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (Cambridge, Massachusetts) and built at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Greenbelt, Maryland). The Infrared Spectrograph was designed and built at Cornell University (Ithaca, New York), while the Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer was designed and fabricated at the University of Arizona (Tucson, Arizona). Science operations for Spitzer are based at the Spitzer Science Center on the campus of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

More Innovations



The Spitzer Space Telescope is a NASA mission managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. This website is maintained by the Spitzer Science Center, located on the campus of the California Institute of Technology and part of NASA's Infrared Processing and Analysis Center. Privacy Policy

Frame Frame
Frame Frame Frame Frame Frame
Frame Frame Frame Frame Frame